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Biodiesel Film Festival Comes to Tahoe

LINK TO VIDEO FILEhttp://imedia.unr.edu/Tahoe/137_biofuel.asx (01:45)
TitleBiodiesel Film Festival Comes to Tahoe
Author/CreatorCobourn, John; Purdy, Shelly; Segale, Heather M.
Related item(s)Press Release available at http://www.tahoe.unr.edu/resources/Segment138.pdf
Date Original2005-10-10
Summary/DescriptionLake Tahoe Report Segment #138 - "Biodiesel Film Festival Comes to Tahoe" (Air Date: October 10, 2008).
SubjectFilm festivals -- Tahoe, Lake (Calif. and Nev.)
Biodiesel fuels
LocationLake Tahoe (Calif. and Nev.)
Tahoe, Lake (Calif and Nev)
CollectionThe Lake Tahoe Report
Original PublisherLake Tahoe Environmental Education Coalition (http://www.lteec.org)
Electronic PublisherUniversity of Nevada, Reno - Department of Teaching and Learning Technologies
Ordering and Permissions InformationFor more information, contact the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, http://www.lteec.org or 775-832-4138.
Formatvideo/wmv
Date Digital2006-02-15
RelationWindows Media Player
Resource TypeMoving Image
Languageeng
Contributing InstitutionUniversity of Nevada, Reno
TranscriptionSegment 138 - Sustainable Tahoe and the Tahoe Adventure Club present the Biodiesel Film Festival, 7 9:30 p.m., Oct. 14, at the Lake Tahoe Community College Theater off Al Tahoe Boulevard in South Lake Tahoe. Admission is $3 at the door. But, what is biodiesel and why learn more about it? Biodiesel is derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. It is an alternative fuel produced from domestic, renewable resources. Much biodiesel is manufactured from soybeans, but used restaurant oil can also be collected for biodiesel production. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended with any level of petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. Biodiesel blends are based on the percentage of the fuel that is pure biodiesel. A fuel known as B100 is 100 percent biodiesel, while B20 is 20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent petroleum diesel. Commonly, fuels sold for use in cars and trucks are B20, B5, or B2 blends. One of the major advantages of biodiesel is that it can be used in existing diesel engines and fuel-injection equipment in both cars and trucks with little impact to operating performance. In more than 50 million miles of in-field demonstrations, B20 showed fuel consumption, horsepower, torque and haulage rates similar to conventional diesel fuel. Biodiesel is registered as a fuel and fuel additive with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and meets clean diesel standards established by the California Air Resources Board. Currently, more than 300 major fleets use biodiesel. Biodiesel use in the on-road trucking market has been growing, in part due to the promotion of biodiesel by Willie Nelson, who formed his own biodiesel company and markets B20 "BioWillie." The U.S. Navy has issued guidance saying that biodiesel blends should be used in all nontactical vehicles. Some facilities where biodiesel is already in use include the Navy Public Works Centers in San Diego, Washington, D.C. and Pearl Harbor. Biodiesel is the first and only alternative fuel to have completed rigorous "health effects" testing requirements for the Clean Air Act. The use of biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine results in a substantial reduction of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter compared to emissions from diesel fuel. The EPA has released a report titled, "A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions, " available at: www.epa.gov/otag/models/biodsl.htm. It shows that B20 results in a 20 percent reduction in total unburned hydrocarbons, a 12 percent reduction in both Carbon monoxide and particulate matter, and a 2 percent increase in nitrogen oxides. Furthermore, B20 use results in a 20 percent reduction in sulfur dioxide and sulfates, a 13 percent reduction in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and a 50 percent reduction in nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, both of which have been identified as potential cancer-causing compounds. In addition to reducing impacts to air quality, the use of biodiesel has the potential to supplement U.S. fuel production and reduce our reliance on foreign sources of oil. Some consumers are concerned that use of biodiesel can cause fuel filters to plug. Pure biodiesel (B100) has a solvent effect, which may release deposits accumulated on tank walls and pipes from previous diesel fuel use. With high blends of biodiesel, the release of deposits may clog filters initially, and precautions should be taken to check and replace fuel filters until the petroleum build-up is eliminated. The issue is less prevalent with B20 blends, and there is no evidence that lower-blend levels, such as B2, have caused filters to plug. Biodiesel will gel in very cold temperatures, just as the common #2 diesel does. Blends of 20 percent biodiesel are managed with the same fuel management techniques as #2 diesel. Blends of 5 percent biodiesel and less have virtually no impact on cold flow. To learn more about biodiesel, visit the National Biodiesel Board Web site at www.biodiesel.org. A map of retail suppliers is available in the "Buying Biodiesel" section of this Web site. Western Energetix, (800) 322-4561, currently has outlets in Sparks and Truckee that sell the B5 blend. For more information about the Biodiesel Film Festival, contact Laurie Scribe, lascribel@netscape.net.

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