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Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Other Title(s)Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Record Typecopy image
Type of WorkArchitecture; Ancient Architecture; Classical Architecture; Temple; Round Temple
MeasurementsDome base span: 142 ft (43.2 m); Oculus: 29 ft (8.7 m) diam.; Floor to oculus: 71 feet (22 m); Portico colonnade: 46 feet (14 m) high
MaterialConcrete dome on masonry walls; veneers and floors of porphyry, granite and marble; exterior columns Egyptian granite; bronze doors; (formerly) bronze cladding on roof beams
Techniqueconcrete Architecture with stone facings
Date118-125 CE
LocationItaly; Rome
StyleHigh Empire
Period2nd c CE
Description/NotesBegun 27 BCE by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. Rebuilt 118-126 CE by Emperor Hadrian. Largest clear span until Brunelleschi's dome for Florence Duomo (1420-36). Originally faced a rectilinear, colonnaded temple courtyard, now the irregularly shaped Piazza della Rotunda. Rededicated as a Christian church in 609 as Chiesa di Santa Maria de Rotunda or Chiesa di Santa Maria ad Martyres. See: or" Originally approached by a stairs, rubble and silting from the Tiber flooding, eventually raised the surrounding levels above the threshhold of the entrance door. Walls were built inside the perimeter of the colonnade to hold back the dirt and steps buildt down to the portico entrance. In addition to the bronze door, portico beams were originally bronze-clad.
Rights - Deposited ImageCharles K. Growdon and Marcia Cohn Growdon
ViewFacade; North side; Piazza della Rotunda
UNR Accession #06-MCG-0031-IT

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