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Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Other Title(s)Pantheon; Roman Pantheon
Record Typecopy image
Type of WorkArchitecture; Ancient Architecture; Classical Architecture; Temple; Round Temple
MeasurementsDome base span: 142 ft (43.2 m); Oculus: 29 ft (8.7 m) diam.; Floor to oculus: 71 feet (22 m); Portico colonnade: 46 feet (14 m) high
MaterialConcrete dome on masonry walls; veneers and floors of porphyry, granite and marble; exterior columns Egyptian granite; bronze doors; (formerly) bronze cladding on roof beams
Techniqueconcrete Architecture with stone facings
Date118-125 CE
LocationItaly; Rome
StyleHigh Empire
Period2nd c CE
Description/NotesBegun 27 BCE by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. Rebuilt 118-126 CE by Emperor Hadrian. Largest clear span until Brunelleschi's dome for Florence Duomo (1420-36). Originally faced a rectilinear, colonnaded temple courtyard, now the irregularly shaped Piazza della Rotunda. Rededicated as a Christian church in 609 as Chiesa di Santa Maria de Rotunda or Chiesa di Santa Maria ad Martyres. See: or This view shows the differential between the modern street level and the 2nd century leve, up to perhaps 20 feet or more in some places. Remnants of veneers and decorations - engaged columns and moldings also visible.
Rights - Deposited ImageCharles K. Growdon and Marcia Cohn Growdon
ViewSouth Side (Via della Palombella); detail of back of Rotunda
UNR Accession #06-MCG-0030-IT

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